What is science?

Science is a subject that relates to our understanding of the processes of the world around us. Science is not simply about knowing information—it is equally a way of trying to make sense of the world. Scientists must ask questions, design investigations, try to make sense of the information they have gathered during the investigations, and communicate and defend their thinking to others. They don’t always find the answers to their questions, and they don’t always agree. Different types of science enquiries help children to answer scientific questions about the world around them.

Why is it important to learn about science?

Science, technology and innovation are increasingly important to our economic well-being and quality of life. Science helps us understand and shape our daily lives. It helps us as we interact with our environment, asking questions and seeking answers.

This question-and-answer process lies at the heart of knowing and doing science. It’s a way of thinking and knowing about the natural and physical components of the world we live in. While the importance of science in our daily lives may not always be obvious, we actually make countless science-based choices each day. For managing our health and well-being, science literacy plays a key role. Whether we’re choosing products to consume in our daily routines and considering their impact on the environment, or making informed decisions about our health care, science plays a part.

Doing science develops our ability to ask questions, collect information, organise and test our ideas, problem-solve and apply what we learn. Even more, science offers a powerful platform for building confidence, developing communication skills and making sense of the world around us – a world that is increasingly shaped by science and technology.

How is science taught at Cottesmore?


How you can support your child at home with science?

Ideas for home learning

Parents can teach best by asking open-ended questions and taking time to encourage answers.

Observing: Invite young eyes and fingers to notice small details.

• “What shapes do you see in that spider web?”

• “Does the crust on this bread feel different from the crust on that one?”

Classifying: Put things in groups based on their characteristics.

• “Let’s sort the socks by colour.”

• “Can you think of a way to divide your toys according to a pattern?”

Predicting: Put ideas about how the world works into words and test them.

• “How long will an ice cube last sitting on the counter?”

• “Will it last longer on another surface?”

Quantifying: Encourage children to quantify the world around them.

• “Who is the shortest person in the family? By how much?”

• “How many steps big is your room? The living room?”

Below are some websites you might find useful to help your child learn Science at home:

Links to websites: